UNIT 2 VOCABULARY FALL 2022

Language: English
Subject: Other > Other
School grade: United States of America United States of America
UNIT 2 VOCABULARY FALL 2022
The central (national) government has all major powers; smaller governments within the boundaries of the central government (e.g. states, provinces, prefectures, or counties) have very little power.
unitary system
republic
democracy
oligarchy
The smaller governments (e.g. states, provinces, prefectures, or counties) within a larger (national) political unit have the major power, and the central government has very limited powers.
confederacy
parliamentary government
confederal system
autocracy
A government where the supreme power is held by those who are eligible to vote, while political power is exercised by the representatives chosen by the citizens.
oligarchy
representative democracy
republic
federalism)
The power is divided and shared between the central (national) government and the smaller governments within the same territory (e.g. states, provinces, prefectures, or counties).
direct democracy
federal system
authoritarian government
federalism
UNIT 2 VOCABULARY FALL 2022
A type of democracy in which the people themselves vote on every law or policy considered at every level of government.
autocracy
authoritarian government
democracy
direct democracy
A government in which one person or a small group of people holds unlimited political power over the citizens. Citizens cannot freely choose their leaders and these leaders do not have to follow the laws.
authoritarian government
dictatorship
unitary system
direct democracy
A type of authoritarian government in which one person holds unlimited political power oligarchy a type of authoritarian government in which the power is held by a small, often self-appointed elite.
democracy
republic
oligarchy
presidential government
A government in which the supreme power rests with the
people. Citizens vote on laws and/or their government representatives.
democracy
confederacy
federalism
oligarchy
UNIT 2 VOCABULARY FALL 2022
The executive and legislative powers are one. The executive includes the chief executive (prime minister) and his or her cabinet. The people elect members of Parliament. The Parliament then chooses the prime minister and his/her cabinet from the majority party in Parliament.
federalism
democracy
parliamentary government
authoritarian government
The executive and legislative powers are separate and independent from one another and are co-equal. The executive includes the chief executive (AKA the president) and the cabinet. The president is elected directly by the people.
democracy
presidential government
federalism
confederacy
A type of democracy in which the people elect officials to represent them in government. These elected representatives (not the people themselves) create and
vote on laws, policies, and other matters of government on their behalf.
indirect democracy
republic
representative democracy
oligarchy
A type of authoritarian government in which one person holds unlimited political power.
autocracy
presidential government
representative democracy
indirect democracy